The Hunchback Of Notre Dame
The hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre-Dame-de-Paris; FR. Notre Dame de Paris) —
the geographical and spiritual “heart” of Paris, located in the Eastern part of the island
The cité, in place of the first Christian Church in Paris — St. Stephen’s Basilica,
built, in turn, the site of the Gallo-Roman temple of Jupiter.
The architecture of the Cathedral shows the duality of stylistic
influences: on the one hand, there are echoes of the Romanesque style of Normandy, with
inherent powerful and dense unity, and on the other — used
innovative architectural achievements of Gothic style, which give the building
the lightness and give the impression of simplicity, vertical design.
If you face the facade of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, on the right, on
the edge of the square, you can see the equestrian sculpture of Charles the Great.
Notre Dame Cathedral is a five-naval Basilica.
Above the main entrance is a depiction of the last judgment. In the center
Christ The Judge.
On the lower lintel shows the dead, risen from their graves. They were awakened
two angels with trumpets.Among the dead — one king, one Pope, warriors and women
(symbolizes presence on the day of judgment of all mankind). On top
the tympanum is Christ and two angels on both sides.
The statue on the left, the portal of the last judgment.
The statue on the right, the portal of the last judgment.
The Portal Of The Virgin Mary.
The door is decorated with reliefs.
The roof of the Cathedral is made of lead tiles 5 mm thick, laid
lap, and the weight of the entire roof is 210 tons.
The upper part of the Cathedral is decorated with images of gargoyles (protruding ends
beams, decorated with the faces of fantastic creatures) and chimeras (this is a separate statue
In the Middle ages, the chimeras on the Cathedral was not. Put them, along the lines of
medieval gargoyles, invented restorer — the architector Viollet-Le-Duc.
Fulfilled fifteen sculptors, led by Geoffroy Desome.
Oak, with lead covered spire of the Cathedral (also added by the restorer
instead demolished in 1786) has a height of 96 meters. The base of the spire
surrounded by four groups of bronze statues of the apostles (the work of Geoffroy Desome).
Before each group of animal, the symbol of the Evangelist: the lion symbol of Mark, the ox —
Luke, the eagle John and the angel — Matthew.
All the statues look at Paris, except St. Thomas the patron of architects,
which looketh toward the spire.
As in other Gothic churches, Notre-Dame de Paris there is no wall
painting, and the only source of color in the monotonous gray interior are
numerous stained glass Windows, inserted in the covers of high pointed Windows.
The sunlight, penetrating through them fills the Church with a whole rainbow of shades. This
the play of light softens the monotony of the buildings and gives the interior of the Cathedral
enchanting luxury and mystery.
A significant portion of the stained glass Windows made in the mid-nineteenth century. The main stained glass window
— rose above the entrance to the Cathedral — partly genuine, preserved from the Middle ages
(9.6 meters in diameter). At its center is the virgin, surrounded by seasonal agricultural
work, signs of the zodiac, virtues and sins.
Two side roses at the North and South facades of the Cathedral are in both transepts —
to 13 meters in diameter (the biggest in Europe). During the restoration of stained glass Windows
it was assumed at first white, but prosper Merimee insisted that they were
made similar to medieval.
The image on the stained glass made in medieval
canons. On the Windows of the choir depict scenes from the earthly life of the Savior, the stained-glass Windows
the side walls are fragments of the lives of the saints. The stained glass of the high Windows of the Central nave
depict patriarchs, biblical kings, and apostles. In the Windows of the lateral chapels
placed scenes from the earthly life of the virgin Mary. And the huge stained-glass, diameter 13
meters, the rose-window of about eighty scenes from the old
Unfortunately, among the stained-glass Windows of Notre Dame are very few
genuine. Almost all of them are later works, replaced the
broken and injured in the long history of stained-glass Windows. Intact to our
days reached only the rose window of the.
In the interior of the Cathedral is dominated by grey stone stacked wall
and vaults of the temple.
Mausolee de Henri, Duc d Harcourt
Statue du Sainte Jeanne D’arc
Statue du Sainte Therese
Inside the Cathedral transepts (transverse aisle), intersecting with the main
In the chapels located on the right side of the Cathedral — paintings and sculpture
different artists, who, according to centuries-old traditions, presented in a gift
the Cathedral annually on the first day of may.
Of course, the main attribute of a Gothic Cathedral is the organ, and the Cathedral
Of Notre Dame (Notre – Dame de Paris) is no exception.
Currently, the authority has 111 and registers, about 8,000 pipes, about 900 of
which from tool time Thierry and Clicquot.