art building century place

The Hunchback Of Notre Dame

The hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre-Dame-de-Paris; FR. Notre Dame de Paris) —

the geographical and spiritual “heart” of Paris, located in the Eastern part of the island

The cité, in place of the first Christian Church in Paris — St. Stephen’s Basilica,

built, in turn, the site of the Gallo-Roman temple of Jupiter.

The architecture of the Cathedral shows the duality of stylistic

influences: on the one hand, there are echoes of the Romanesque style of Normandy, with

inherent powerful and dense unity, and on the other — used

innovative architectural achievements of Gothic style, which give the building

the lightness and give the impression of simplicity, vertical design.

If you face the facade of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, on the right, on

the edge of the square, you can see the equestrian sculpture of Charles the Great.

Notre Dame Cathedral is a five-naval Basilica.

Above the main entrance is a depiction of the last judgment. In the center

Christ The Judge.

On the lower lintel shows the dead, risen from their graves. They were awakened

two angels with trumpets.Among the dead — one king, one Pope, warriors and women

(symbolizes presence on the day of judgment of all mankind). On top

the tympanum is Christ and two angels on both sides.

The statue on the left, the portal of the last judgment.

The statue on the right, the portal of the last judgment.

The Portal Of The Virgin Mary.

The door is decorated with reliefs.

The roof of the Cathedral is made of lead tiles 5 mm thick, laid

lap, and the weight of the entire roof is 210 tons.

The upper part of the Cathedral is decorated with images of gargoyles (protruding ends

beams, decorated with the faces of fantastic creatures) and chimeras (this is a separate statue

fantastic creatures).

In the Middle ages, the chimeras on the Cathedral was not. Put them, along the lines of

medieval gargoyles, invented restorer — the architector Viollet-Le-Duc.

Fulfilled fifteen sculptors, led by Geoffroy Desome.

Oak, with lead covered spire of the Cathedral (also added by the restorer

instead demolished in 1786) has a height of 96 meters. The base of the spire

surrounded by four groups of bronze statues of the apostles (the work of Geoffroy Desome).

Before each group of animal, the symbol of the Evangelist: the lion symbol of Mark, the ox —

Luke, the eagle John and the angel — Matthew.

All the statues look at Paris, except St. Thomas the patron of architects,

which looketh toward the spire.

As in other Gothic churches, Notre-Dame de Paris there is no wall

painting, and the only source of color in the monotonous gray interior are

numerous stained glass Windows, inserted in the covers of high pointed Windows.

The sunlight, penetrating through them fills the Church with a whole rainbow of shades. This

the play of light softens the monotony of the buildings and gives the interior of the Cathedral

enchanting luxury and mystery.

A significant portion of the stained glass Windows made in the mid-nineteenth century. The main stained glass window

— rose above the entrance to the Cathedral — partly genuine, preserved from the Middle ages

(9.6 meters in diameter). At its center is the virgin, surrounded by seasonal agricultural

work, signs of the zodiac, virtues and sins.

Two side roses at the North and South facades of the Cathedral are in both transepts —

to 13 meters in diameter (the biggest in Europe). During the restoration of stained glass Windows

it was assumed at first white, but prosper Merimee insisted that they were

made similar to medieval.

The image on the stained glass made in medieval

canons. On the Windows of the choir depict scenes from the earthly life of the Savior, the stained-glass Windows

the side walls are fragments of the lives of the saints. The stained glass of the high Windows of the Central nave

depict patriarchs, biblical kings, and apostles. In the Windows of the lateral chapels

placed scenes from the earthly life of the virgin Mary. And the huge stained-glass, diameter 13

meters, the rose-window of about eighty scenes from the old


Unfortunately, among the stained-glass Windows of Notre Dame are very few

genuine. Almost all of them are later works, replaced the

broken and injured in the long history of stained-glass Windows. Intact to our

days reached only the rose window of the.

In the interior of the Cathedral is dominated by grey stone stacked wall

and vaults of the temple.

Mausolee de Henri, Duc d Harcourt

Statue du Sainte Jeanne D’arc

Statue du Sainte Therese

Inside the Cathedral transepts (transverse aisle), intersecting with the main

In the chapels located on the right side of the Cathedral — paintings and sculpture

different artists, who, according to centuries-old traditions, presented in a gift

the Cathedral annually on the first day of may.

Of course, the main attribute of a Gothic Cathedral is the organ, and the Cathedral

Of Notre Dame (Notre – Dame de Paris) is no exception.

Currently, the authority has 111 and registers, about 8,000 pipes, about 900 of

which from tool time Thierry and Clicquot.