When you visit Malta, probably the biggest surprise for me was the fact that it is here
are the oldest of the world’s remaining structures. Usually, when it comes to antiquities, to mind
come the pyramids of Egypt, Stonehenge and similar ancient times. Is no way, megalithic
the temples of Malta and the neighbouring Islands of Gozo is significantly older, this is probably the first architecture
Of the earth.
The oldest megalithic temple Ggantija in Gozo is referred to the year 3600 BC, and the oldest of
surviving – the step pyramid of Djoser in 2650 to year, the construction of the stone rings of Stonehenge to 2440-2100
years (although the main moat and earthworks of ancient – 3020-2910 years).
Surprisingly, Malta’s megalithic temples are present in very large numbers. If you believe
the guide, surviving temples – 27, and according to other sources, including the ruins of, 42. Unfortunately, the brevity of
stay on the island wouldn’t let us see much, but in Jantii, which is 1000 years older than the Egyptian pyramids, we
Settlement the first inhabitants of the archipelago appeared around the year 4000 BC. They knew not of metal,
animalistically and built imposing stone temples, using obsidian (volcanic glass)
tool. Interestingly, in Malta there is no obsidian, which is present in abundance on the nearby island of Sicily, but
that in Sicily there is the megalithic temples.
Who these people were, where they came from and, more importantly, why suddenly and completely disappeared (leaving behind
unfinished temples and unfinished sculptures and even untouched supplies), about 1800 years before
BC, is unknown. And there were many, according to researchers at least 10 thousand. Greek, Egyptian
written sources do not mention existed in Malta civilization of temple builders.
The temple Jantii is divided into two yards, the left (South) more ancient (3600 a year) consists of five apses,
North, later (3000 a year).
The southern wall of the temple reaches a height of 8 meters. Outer wall form a huge megaliths, some of
weighing more than a ton. More Bosnia temples in Malta were built of a more carefully machined and fitted together with each
the other stones.
The space between the outer and inner walls of the temple filled with gravel and earth. Inside the apse of the Church
set the altar stones, the purpose of which is unknown.
In the floors of the apses there are the stones of a round form, some of them visible red spots, they say, traces of fire.
After the temple builders Malta was taken by another nation, who left behind dolmens and menhirs, more
characteristic for Europe. This nation was less civilized than the previous ones, engaged in farming and knew
About 800 BC in Malta, the Phoenicians appear, connected with the name of the island, Phoenician “Mlt”
means a shelter, a Parking lot, so they called the island. With the fall of Phoenicia, to the island come the Carthaginians, and
after the latter’s defeat during the Punic wars, Malta became part of the Roman Empire. The Romans built on
the island several towns, including the Melita, the ancient capital, about which the following story.