All about Gothic – Gothic art
Sculpture played a huge role in creating the image of a Gothic Cathedral. In France she designed mostly its exterior walls. Tens of thousands of sculptures, from the socle to the pinnacles that populate the Mature Gothic Cathedral.
The relationship between sculpture and architecture in Gothic otherwise than in Romanesque art. In the formal attitude of Gothic sculpture is much more independent. It is not subject to the same extent the plane of the wall and framed, as it was in the Romanesque period. In Gothic is actively developing a monumental round plastic. But Gothic sculpture is an integral part of the ensemble of the Cathedral, is a piece of architectural forms, because together with the architectural elements expresses the movement of the building upward, its tectonic meaning. And, creating impulsive black and white game, she, in turn, animates, spiritualizes architectural mass and promotes their interaction with the air.
The sculpture of the Late Gothic was strongly influenced by Italian art. Approximately 1400 Klaus Sluter has created a number of significant sculptural works for Philip of Burgundy, such as the Madonna of the facade of the Church of the burial of Philip, Kartause in Champmol near Dijon, 1385 Figurationen wall or shape of the fountain Mose (1395-1404). In Germany well known work Rimensnyder of Tilman (Tilman Riemenschneider), white Stosa (Veit Stoß) and Alumacraft (Adam Kraft).
The Gothic movement in art developed after several decades after the appearance of style elements in architecture and sculpture. In England and France the transition from Romanesque style to Gothic occurred around 1200 in Germany in 1220-ies in Italy and later all — around 1300
One of the main directions of Gothic painting was a stained glass that gradually supplanted fresco painting. The technique of stained glass has remained the same as in the previous epoch, but the color palette is much richer and more colorful, and the subjects more complicated — along with images of religious subjects appeared stained. In addition to the stained glass Windows were used not only in color, but clear glass.
In the Gothic period was the heyday of portrait miniatures. With the advent of secular literature (romances, etc.) expanded range of illuminated manuscripts, was also created lavishly illustrated books of hours and Psalter for home use. Artists began to strive for more accurate and detailed reproduction of nature. Outstanding representatives of the Gothic miniatures are brothers Limburg, the court miniaturists of the Duke de berry, who created the famous “the Richest book of hours of Duke de Berry”.