Military Gothic architecture of Odessa
At the hospital invented the ether for painless operations, and in the usual five Vysotsky sang
Today’s walk we decided to start with the Odessa train station. And although the numbering of houses in the Palmyra of the black sea comes from the sea, we go for a walk in the other direction. The guest of the city as soon as he leaves the station building, offers many interesting Central streets, where you can start exploring Odessa. One of these is Pirogovskaya, however, to get on it, you need to overcome and the square Kulikovo field. This is one of the old Odessa streets, which was formerly a lane called the Military hospital. Here and now are the military hospital, officers ‘ club, military vehicle Museum, South operational command and military commissariats. Perhaps this is the most military street in Odessa, besides, here were the writers, scientists, famous actors, Directors and athletes.
From jail to fairs
If we go around the station building from the street Srednefontanskaya, rush into the eyes of the public garden, located across the street, and Kulikovo field. This is one of the largest historical squares in Odessa. Its name is not due to the battle the troops of Prince Dmitry Donskoy with Mamay, as many think. In the early nineteenth century these lands were outside the city limits and was a wasteland, overgrown with weeds. And they belonged to the genus polikovsky, that’s why people called them Kulikovskii fields. In 1818 not far from the local fields was built by urban custom, and soon the first of the Odessa prison. Historians recall that the field was used as a parade ground for building troops during parades and other festivities. After 1918 the area became known as the Revolution square, and by the early twentieth century became a traditional place of folk festivals. It was the place of amusement, fair, big top, the freak show was exhibited with wax figures and other curiosities. Only after the collapse of the USSR in 1991 the Kulikovo field found its current name.
The SKA stadium – former military
If you cross the Kulikovo field, you get to the intersection of Cable and the Pirogov, and after a hundred meters, you will be at the Odessa regional Commissariat, which at the time worked as Marshal Georgy Zhukov in quality glavnokomanduyuschego the Odessa military district. A little further on, on the right side Pirogovskaya, you can see a part of the football stadium SKA. It is located just on the corner of farm lane. Stadium on this site appeared in 1927, and its present form is only acquired in 1966. In the days of former glory arena could accommodate 30 thousand spectators, was equipped with artificial lighting and treadmills. Now the stadium can accommodate fifteen thousand spectators, and its condition leaves much to be desired. At the time he was a training base for football teams of SC “Odessa” and “SKA-Lotto”. It is curious that, like other military installations on Pirogovskaya, before the stadium was owned by the Ministry of defence, but since 2006 was in private ownership. On this subject hitherto are proceeding, and stadium acts, and even sometimes takes the matches.
Gothic and homes of celebrities
If you go past the stadium and down a bit down Pirogovskaya, right impossible not to notice the three houses in the Gothic style. These mansions of the early XX century, built by architect F. V. gonsiorovsky, belonged to the banker Svirsky. In the years 1927-1928 in the first house lived the famous Georgian actor and Director Ivan Perestiani, the second sculptor, filmmaker and playwright Ivan Kavaleridze, and the third dramatic actor Amvrosiy Buchma, which appeared on the Odessa film Studio nearby.
The five-storey building, where Vysotsky sang
In the old days of the military Gothic Pirogovskaya street has become almost a cultural Mecca of Odessa, as evidenced by the memorial plaque to the writer-the marine painter Ivan Gaidaenko, journalist Vladimir Lyaskovskiy, Marshal Hamazasp Babajanian. And in an unremarkable five-story building No. 7/9 once sang Vladimir Vysotsky. Bard with his wife Marina Vlady came here for a friend, sailor and actor Oleg Khalimonov living in the apartment No. 267. He Vysotsky sang and played the guitar, and also devoted some of his poems, which became songs, too.
Thick and godmother Akhmatova
At the end of the street Pirogov rests in the French Boulevard. There is a Museum of military equipment under the open sky of the southern expeditious command. You can see military aircraft, tank, missile launcher, cannons and even a cart during the Civil war. Then there is the House of officers, and on the French Boulevard house where the family lived the writer Valentin Kataev. By the way this is the same house described in his work “Youth novel.” Another apartment of the house during the revolution filmed writer Alexei Tolstoy and his wife, poet, writer-memoirist Natalia Krandievskaya-Fat. Historians remind us that here, the couple fled from the Bolsheviks, and took their landlady, Maria her position here, she is godmother to the poet Anna Akhmatova. Akhmatova herself, who was born on the Great Fountain, in those days lived in Petrograd.
The hospital and the temple
Almost at the intersection of Pirogovskaya and French Boulevard rasotica military hospital, opened in 1797. In the 70-ies of the XIX century here worked the founder of field surgery Nikolai Pirogov, the first Empire in the doctor who invented the ether for pain-free operations. Now in the courtyard stands a monument to the doctor, a street bears his name, and in the hospital treated hundreds of soldiers injured in the ATO from all over Ukraine.
Located near Church in the name of Prince Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, consecrated in 1897. Historians say that he played a huge religious and moral educational role for the warriors on the healing in the hospital. Going on a long Hiking or returning home, the soldiers always went to the temple. The Shrine existed prior to 1947 and like many of the temples, in the Soviet era was closed. Ironically, the Church was converted into a club, where, probably, was read and atheistic propaganda lectures. Only in 2000 the temple was revived. Under vaulted ceilings, the five oval “medallions” artist Ivan Catana found pristine icons with images of St. Barbara the Great Martyr, Mary Magdalene, Mitrofan of Voronezh, St. Sergius of Radonezh, the miraculous image and the image of the Holy Mother of God “the Sign”. The icon of the Mother of God is clearly visible date of creation of these images — 1898.